Location: South of the border with Bolivia, Peru, and the departments of Cusco, Moquegua and Tacna.
Population:1'199, 000 inhabitants by the census of 1999 which represents the 4.7% of the population and the fifth most populous in Peru.
Area: 71,999.00 km2.
Official Languages: Spanish, Quechua and Aymara.
Environment: On the shores of Lake Titicaca, the city where architectural renovation sheltered by the microclimate of the lake and its geography.
Height: 3,820 SNM.
Climate: Generally sunny during the year from April to November and seasonal rains from December to March. The average temperature is 9 °C, a warm day of 24 °C and mild nights despite their temperatures below 0 ºC, due to the presence of the protection of Lake Titicaca as a sort of natural heating, refracts heat.
The department of Puno Altiplano comprises the special region of northern South America, surrounded by 2 mountain ranges, mountains with snow-covered East and West, the lake and rivers whose waters end up in the Hoya del Titicaca, natural mirror of relevance in the natural and cultural development of the Andean people.
The South American Altiplano whose origin is in the upper Tertiary, about 20 million years, barely rose between 2000 and 2500 m, its current height is a product of a dramatic rise miocenio process or pliocenio late Quaternary ( rivers emptied into the ocean), which ends at a mountain with no other intra-basin drainage.
The geological history of Collao goes back to five hundred million years, when it began to emerge from the seabed and approximately three hundred million years the Western and Eastern Cordilleras.
Of the 72.382 square kilometers of the department of Puno roughly 70% is occupied by the altiplanía the Collao, the remaining 30% is the Cordillera land and forest area bordering Mother of God is a privilege to have geographical regions integrated into a completely different department.
Titicaca La Hoya has several tributaries: the longest highlights the Amazon that has a route of 500 km and rises in the snowy Ananea, at 5852 meters, and the flow of more than 70 Km Ramis.
As in every region of Puna, the high temperature range between day and fortunately the night, between 15 ° and 22 ° C and lows ranging from -9 ° C to -24 ° C. The cold feeling great minds can differ, depending on whether in the shade or sun, or even the passing of a cloud dims sunlight. The best weather is closer to the shore of the lake or peninsula and is more severe the farther from the lake.
The rainy season starts in October and lasts until May, then the landscape, before gray and brown to green again. Wonderful and bright colored flowers and culture harmonize with the carnival festivities in February.
Around Lake Titicaca, there are many gaps as those of Asillo, Lampa, the largest are the Arapa and Lagunillas. The lake provides abundant cattails and llacho that feeds the existing fauna and especially cattle, natural resource of great economic importance for villagers circunlacustres that provides money for family expenses and holidays.
Tourism in the Region
Located more than 4000 meters, has an area of 50 km2 is a favorable place to observe magnificent wildlife like Ajoy, bumping, flamingos, among many other beautiful birds that inhabit the high Andes Puno.
PINK CITY OF LAMPA
Lampa City is named and known as the "Pink City" or "City of Wonders" has existed since before the Incas times. Its largest representative is Dr. Enrique Torres Belon, combative lampeño who fought all his life to improve living conditions, economic conditions, political and cultural Lampa.
The places of tourist importance are: Santiago Apostol Church (XVII century - XVIII), a replica of the Pieta by Michelangelo (Italy), Colonial Bridge, Breeders of the Chinchillas, the Ossuary and Lenzora Cave.
SANDIA.- 272km from Puno at an altitude of 2.032 m, Sandia is characterized by its beautiful majestic ravines decorated by terraces, which until today are used by villagers to plant their potato and grain in different varieties; at once is the gateway to the flora and fauna watching, conducive to the development of ecotourism, winding access road is conducive to the practice of DOWN HILL.
MELGAR.- The province of Melgar characterized as livestock capital of Peru, where you can appreciate the finest specimens of cattle and llamas and alpacas (huacaya and suri) and flame (Chaco and kara).
In addition there is an impressive sample comprised curious geological formations giant anthropomorphic, that is called Tinajani Canyon.
MACUSANI.-A city located about 4.450 m, regarded as the highest provincial capital of Peru, habitat refuge for camelids from Peru, for its apparent isolation and abundant water, a result of rainfall that allow survival, is the production center alpacas and llamas. A suitable place to practice adventure tourism such as biking, treacking, mountaineering, rock climbing and others of its kind.
Place more traces of prehistoric paintings in the highlands, access to the forest near Puno, you can learn more ecological in its descent. DOWN HILL practice is appropriate.